Aims and Scope
Effect of Mixture of Water Hyacinth Compost and Rice Husk Biochar on the Improvement of Alluvial Soil Properties and the Growth of Red Ginger (Zingiber Officinale L.)Agusalim Masulili and Paiman
The Open Agriculture Journal, 2023; 17: e187433152303270.
Electronic Publication Date: May 11, 2023
Microbiological Quality of FeedManuela Zadravec, Tomislav Mikuš, Nicolas Pradervand and Igor Ujčič Vrhovnik
The Open Agriculture Journal, 2023; 17: e187433152303130.
Electronic Publication Date: April 19, 2023
Control of Bacterial Wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) and Reduction of Ginger Yield Loss through Integrated Management Methods in Southwestern EthiopiaEyob Aysanew Benti
The Open Agriculture Journal, 2023; 17: e187433152212300.
Electronic Publication Date: April 10, 2023
Applying Operation Research Methodologies to Hydroponic Crop Scheduling in a Closed System: An Integer Programming ApproachMahmoud A. Barghash, Tala Raed Shurbaji and Rama Romman
The Open Agriculture Journal, 2023; 17: e187433152303150.
Electronic Publication Date: April 06, 2023
Use of a Consortium of Agronomically Important Microorganisms for Growing Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.)Irina Smirnova, Amankeldi Sadanov, Gul Baimakhanova, Elmira Faizulina and Larissa Tatarkina
The Open Agriculture Journal, 2023; 17: e187433152302140.
Electronic Publication Date: March 31, 2023
Genetic Diversity of Omani Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum sub sp. durum) LandracesAli H. Al Lawati, Saleem K Nadaf, Nadiya A. AlSaady, Saleh A. Al Hinai, Almandhar Almamari, Masoud H. Al Adawi, Rashid S. Al Hinai, Abdulaziz Al Maawali
The Sultanate of Oman is rich in diversity of the most important crops like wheat, which not only has a global significance but is also regarded as one of the strategic crops in the country. The country has an ancient cultivation history of both bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.s.l.) and durum wheat (Triticum turgidum sub sp. durum) because of its characteristic location on the eastern edge of the Arabian Peninsula. Wheat landraces constitute the prime genetic resources of cultivated wheat not only in Oman but also in several MENA (the Middle East and North Africa) countries. Indigenous landraces have paramount significance for their potential utilization in crop improvement and conservation programs. Hence, the present study was undertaken to subject 17 indigenous durum wheat accessions for analyses of diversity to select parents for hybridization in national crop improvement programs.
Materials and Methods:
The trial was conducted consecutively for two cropping seasons (2017-2018 and 2018-2019) during winter from November to March on the layouts of a loamy soil site under sprinkler irrigation system in Augmented Design with five check varieties replicated five times randomized and distributed throughout the experimental area under spacing and crop husbandry practices as per national recommendations. The data on 9 quantitative (Plant descriptors) and 6 qualitative traits on the presence (score 1) or absence (score 0) of pigmentation on 6 plant parts were collected. These traits were subjected to both Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) to comprehend the contribution of these characters towards diversity and form prime diverse clusters from 17 indigenous durum wheat landraces to select appropriate parents for crossing.
The results indicated that indigenous durum wheat accessions were significantly different (p>0.05) with respect to all the quantitative characters except the number of tillers. Of 36 combinations of associations among 9 agro-morphological characters’ studied, only six correlations involving four characters viz. tiller no., spikelets/ spike, grains/spike, and grain length were found significant (p<0.05). The results of two multivariate analyses indicated the formation of four diverse clusters with different compositions of accessions, thus not supporting each other in discerning diversity. The parents were selected for hybridization for improving characters of growth for higher yield or productivity with one or two identifying markers of pigmentation on plant parts.
The indigenous durum wheat landraces / accessions were found to be more diverse and potential for use in the national crop improvement programs for higher productivity.
March 18, 2021
- November 27, 2020
Finger Millet as a Sustainable Feedstock for Bioethanol ProductionNovember 27, 2020
Fermentation of Sweet Sorghum Syrup Under Reduced Pressure for Bioethanol ProductionMarch 20, 2020
Isolation and Characterization of Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria from Phosphate Solid Sludge of the Moroccan Phosphate MinesJuly 30, 2020
Influence of Nitrogen Application and Drip Irrigation on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Yield of Cardoon Crop (Cynara cardunculus L.)December 31, 2019
Induction of Bacterial Canker Resistance in Tomato Plants Using Plant Growth Promoting RhizobacteriaSeptember 30, 2019
Morphological, Biochemical, and Molecular Analysis of Origanum vulgare L.