REVIEW ARTICLE


The Role of Agronomic Factors in Salibu Rice Cultivation



Paiman 1, *
iD
, Bambang H. Isnawan2
iD
, Achmad F. Aziez3
iD
, Subeni 4
iD
, Monsuru A. Salisu5
iD

1 Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas PGRI Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2 Departement of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. 55183, Indonesia
3 Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Tunas Pembangunan, Surakarta 57135, Central Java, Indonesia
4 Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Janabadra, Yogyakarta 55182, Indonesia
5 Department of Agricultural Science, Faculty of Technical and Vocational, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim 35900, Perak, Malaysia


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Paiman et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas PGRI Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Tel: (+62274) 376038; Fax: (+62274) 376808; E-mail: paiman@upy.ac.id


Abstract

Background:

Salibu rice cultivation is one of the technologies that have been developed in Indonesia but not continued. This technology has great potential to increase land productivity. The unsustainability of the salibu rice cultivation is due to the lower yield than the parent rice. Not many farmers are aware of the agronomic factors that can increase the growth and yield of the salibu rice.

Objective:

This review article aims to explore the role of agronomic factors in salibu rice cultivation.

Results:

The review article shows that agronomic factors play a major role in salibu rice cultivation. The soil water availability for one year could be determined by the number of stages of SR cultivation. Two weeks before and after harvesting parent rice, soil water content should be estimated in terms of field capacity. Stem cuttings as high as 3-5 cm from the soil surface at 7-8 days after harvest are the right SR cultivation methods. The fertilizer dose should be taken according to site-specific recommendations. 40% fertilization should be carried out at 14-21 days after stem cuttings, and the second at 60% at 30-40 days after stem cuttings in salibu rice cultivation.

Conclusion:

Among the agronomic factors that affect salibu rice cultivation are soil water availability, the time and height of stem cuttings, and the dose and time of fertilization. Three agronomic factors need to be considered and applied by farmers to get the maximum growth and yield of salibu rice.

Keywords: Cultivation, Fertilizer, Parent rice, Superior variety, Salibu rice, Soil water, Stem cuttings.