REVIEW ARTICLE


Recent Advances in Intelligent Automated Fruit Harvesting Robots



Yanbin Hua1, *, , Nairu Zhang1, , Xin Yuan1, , Lichun Quan1, Jiangang Yang1, Ken Nagasaka2, *, Xin-Gen Zhou3, *
1Fruit Industry Service Center of Fufeng County, Fufeng 722299, Shaanxi, P.R. China
2Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakamachi, Koganei-shi, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan
3Texas A&M AgriLife Research Center, Texas A&M University System, 1509 Aggie Drive, Beaumont, TX 77713, USA


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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Yanbin Hua et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to these authors at the Fruit Industry Service Center of Fufeng County, Fufeng 722299, Shaanxi, P.R. China; Tel: +86 917 5211454; E-mail: tsiaoybhua@163.com (Y. Hua)
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakamachi, Koganei-shi, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan; Tel: +81-42-388-7481;
E-mail: bahman@cc.tuat.ac.jp (K. Nagasaka)
Texas A&M AgriLife Research Center, Texas A&M University System, 1509 Aggie Drive, Beaumont, TX 77713, USA; Tel: +1 409 752 2741; E-mail: xzhou@aesrg.tamu.edu (X.-G. Zhou) These authors contributed equally to this work.


Abstract

Robotic harvesting offers a solution to reducing labor costs, optimizing harvest scheduling, enabling selective harvesting, and increasing operation efficiency. These attributes allow the users of robotic harvesters to maximize production efficiency and profits. This article reviews automated fruit harvesting systems of sweet pepper, tomato, apple and kiwifruit as an example to demonstrate the recent advances in intelligent automatic harvesting robots in horticulture.

Keywords: Intelligent, Efficiency, Automated fruit harvesting robot, Kiwifruit, Horticulture, Selective harvesting.