RESEARCH ARTICLE


Livestock Poisoning Plants: Identification and its Veterinary Importance in Afar Region of Ethiopia



Angesom H. Desta1, *
1 Department of Animal Sciences, Aksum University Shire Campus, College of Agriculture, P.O. Box 314, Shire, Ethiopia


Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
0
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 7832
Abstract HTML Views: 1529
PDF Downloads: 711
ePub Downloads: 440
Total Views/Downloads: 10512
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 3689
Abstract HTML Views: 709
PDF Downloads: 467
ePub Downloads: 239
Total Views/Downloads: 5104



Creative Commons License
© 2019 Angesom Hadush Desta

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Correspondence: Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Animal Sciences, Aksum University Shire Campus, College of Agriculture, P.O. Box 314, Shire, Ethiopia, Tel: 0913860448;
E-mails: meryangieboy@gmail.com; angesomhadush@yahoo.com


Abstract

Background:

Plants are the major source of feed and have vital nutritious importance to animals; however, they also comprise a large variety of poisons known.

Objective:

A study was conducted to identify potential poisonous plants to domestic animals and its veterinary importance in selected districts of Afar region, Northeast Ethiopia.

Methodology:

Questionnaire survey and key informants interview were done with a total of 245 respondents and plant samples were taken for identification.

Results:

A total of 21 plants were identified and documented to have a poisonous effect on livestock. The poisonous plants frequently complained by the respondents were Capparis tomentosa, Prosopis juliflora, Parthenium hysterophorus, Lantana camara, Acacia absynica, Sorghum bicolar, Datura stramonium, Plantago lanceolata, Pteridium aquilinum and Solanum incanum. The majorly described predisposing factors for the occurrence of plant poisoning were feed shortage, nutritional deficiency and excessive consumption. The common poisoning seasons indicated were at the end of rainy season and during drought time. The plant parts that caused poisoning were leaves of plants. This study also revealed that bloating and other GIT disturbances, salivation, bloody urine and in appetance were among the frequently manifested signs in poisoned livestock. Moreover, this study showed that caprine and ovine followed by camels and bovine were the most frequently poisoned animals.

Conclusion:

Phytopoisoning is commonly occurring and challenging health of livestock in the study area. Hence, proper range management should be practiced to decrease the danger of plant poisoning to animals and all concerned bodies should collaborate on pasture and water development programs to minimize the risk of enforced consumption of livestock on poisonous plants due to feed shortage.

Keywords : Animal Feed, Bovine, Camel, Caprine, Phytopoisoning, Livestock.