Studying the Response of Anethum graveolens L. to the Stress of Salinity and Foliar Spray with Alhagi Maurorum Aqueous Extract

Wurood Hantoosh Neamah1, *, Fatimah Ali Hasan1, Fatimah Mahdi Jasim2, Aqila Jumaah Hachim2
1 Medicinal and Aromatic plants Unit, Agriculture College, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
2 Horticulture and Landscape Department, Agriculture College, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq

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© 2024 The Author(s). Published by Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Unit Agiculture College, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq; E-mail:



Weed infestation and salinity are both biotic and abiotic stresses that are highly present in the Basrah governorate in Iraq and widely influence crop growth


The present work was conducted to evaluate the effect of salinity at (0, 6, 12 dS/m) and aqueous extract of Alhagi maurorum at (0, 3 g/L) on growth and biochemical parameters as well as phytocomponents of Dill plant Anethum graveolens L.


Results revealed that growth parameters and photopigment content increased with salinity at 12 dS/m and reduced with Alhagi maurorum aqueous extract. Besides that, carbohydrate content was reduced with both stresses, and proline content increased with Alhagi maurorum aqueous extract. GC-MS chromatogram of Anethum graveolens methanolic extract displayed high alteration in phytocomponents quantity post salinity and camelthorn extract treatments.


Current work inferred that the Dill plant has high tolerance properties to salinity contrary to weed infestation stress. Stresses combination declined growth parameters and reduced metabolite content of Dill plants.

Keywords: Biotic stress, Abiotic stress, Anethum graveolens, Growth traits, Biochemical traits, Phytoconstituents.