LETTER ARTICLE


Rural Youth Employability Trends and the COVID-19 Pandemic



Liva Grinevica1, *, Baiba Rivza2, Peteris Rivza3
1 Latvian Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, 1 Akademijas Sq., LV-1050, Riga, Latvia
2 Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Faculty of Economics and Social Development, 18 Svetes Str., LV-3001, Jelgava, Latvia
3 Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Faculty of Information Technologies, 2 Liela Street, LV-3001, Jelgava, Latvia


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Grinevica et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Latvian Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, 1 Akademijas Sq., LV-1050, Riga, Latvia; E-mail: liva.grinevica@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

The COVID-19 pandemic seriously impacts youth employability, especially in rural regions. In rural areas, the lack of system and availability of education, vocational education and training can have a negative impact on a young person's ability to obtain an education and continue to succeed in the labour market. These circumstances can hinder a young person's transition to the labour market.

Aims and Objectives:

The paper presents a brief analysis of rural youth employment trends, the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for the labour market in Latvia, and an analysis of the youth employability using dynamic series analysis.

Methods:

The research methodology implemented for the present research study is based on the theoretical concepts and statistical data regarding the rural youth employment trends and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Results:

Based on the results of the research study, it can be concluded that COVID-19 has contributed to job losses by forcing young people from rural areas to move to a city with better access to employment. The authors have concluded that educated women tend to start their own businesses after graduation, which is positive, especially if it is based in rural areas.

Conclusion:

Based on the authors' calculations, the forecast of employees in the age group from 25 to 34 in Latvia in 2022 is 171.9 thousand, in 2023, it is 156.5 thousand, and in 2024 it is 138.9 thousand. It could be concluded that the projected number of employees in the 25-34 age group will decrease significantly.

Keywords: Rural regions, Youth employment, Uneducated young people, Employment, or Training (NEET), COVID-19 pandemic, Data series analysis.