Teff, A Rising Global Crop: Current Status of Teff Production and Value Chain

Hyejin Lee, * Open Modal Authors Info & Affiliations
The Open Agriculture Journal 28 Sept 2018 REVIEW ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874331501812010185



The global dominance of the three crops, maize, wheat, and rice in the current food system has raised an alarm. Heavy dependence on these crops can limit our capacity to deal with food shortage and dietary imbalance.


Teff (Eragrostis tef), a warm-season annual cereal, is one of the underutilized crops that can contribute to food security and crop diversification. Teff contains high and unique nutritional values, which will meet the need of health-conscious consumers. It is also a low risk crop, which resists many biotic and abiotic stresses. Currently, Ethiopia is the largest teff producing country, and the only country to have adopted teff as a staple crop. However, the teff production and value chain in Ethiopia largely rely on traditional practices, and the teff market is limited by the government’s export ban. Instead, other countries such as USA are increasingly participating in the teff market.


This study investigates the current status of teff production and value chain mainly in Ethiopia. The results suggest what areas Ethiopia should improve to take the lead in the rising teff market, and in what way others may participate.

Keywords: Agriculture, Crop diversification, Ethiopia, Food security, Teff, Value chain.
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