The Wood-Based Biorefinery: A Source of Carbon Fiber?
Göran Gellerstedt*, Elisabeth Sjöholm, Ida Brodin
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2010
First Page: 119
Last Page: 124
Publisher Id: TOASJ-4-119
Article History:Received Date: 02/11/2009
Revision Received Date: 15/12/2009
Acceptance Date: 15/12/2009
Electronic publication date: 31/12/2010
Collection year: 2010
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In this mini-review, various attempts to make carbon fiber from lignins are discussed. The replacement of construction steel in cars and trucks with a much lighter carbon fiber-based composite will ultimately result in more fuelefficient vehicles. To replace the precursors of carbon fiber, polyacrylonitrile (PAN), or other non-renewable materials such as pitch, by cheap (kraft) lignin, a comprehensive understanding of the physical and chemical characteristics of lignin and the development of methods for its homogeneous large-scale production must be achieved.